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Forecasted coral reef decline in marine biodiversity hotspots under climate change- TERA

Coral bleaching events threaten coral reef habitats globally and cause severe declines of local biodiversity and productivity. Related to high sea surface temperatures, bleaching events are expected to increase as a consequence of future global warming. However, response to climate change is still uncertain as future low latitude climatic conditions have no present-day analogue. Sea [...]

EU regulator calls for generic drug suspensions of up to 700 medications- TERA

The European Medicines Agency (EMA) has accused an Indian contract research organisation (CRO) of systematic fraud, and has recommended suspending sales of hundreds of generic drug formulations in Europe because their approval is based on questionable clinical trial data. The EMA investigated products tested at the GVK Biosciences site in Hyderabad. This included about 1000 [...]

A simple approach for assigning conservation status based on natural variability- TERA

A simple, non-lethal method for assigning conservation status is proposed based on three conservation classes (favourable, unfavourable/inadequate and unfavourable/bad) to fish species based on their natural population variability. To demonstrate this approach, conservation classes were allocated to three native fish species (brown trout Salmo trutta L., northern Iberian chub Squalius carolitertii(Doadrio), and northern straight-mouth nase, Pseudochondrostoma duriense (Coelho) based on [...]

Photosynthetic terpene hydrocarbon production for fuels and chemicals- TERA

Photosynthetic hydrocarbon production bypasses the traditional biomass hydrolysis process and represents the most direct conversion of sunlight energy into the next-generation biofuels. As a major class of biologically derived hydrocarbons with diverse structures, terpenes are also valuable in producing a variety of fungible bioproducts in addition to the advanced ‘drop-in’ biofuels. However, it is highly [...]

Tilapia polyculture: a global review- TERA

Tilapia are the second most farmed fish worldwide and their production has quadrupled over the past decade due to ease of aquaculture, marketability and stable market prices. Tilapia aquaculture must adopt sustainable practices (such as polyculture) for continuing increased production and improved sustainability. This article reviews tilapia polyculture around the world and discusses its benefits, [...]

Rapid declines of large mammal populations after the collapse of the Soviet Union- TERA

Anecdotal evidence suggests that socioeconomic shocks strongly affect wildlife populations, but quantitative evidence is sparse. The collapse of socialism in Russia in 1991 caused a major socioeconomic shock, including a sharp increase in poverty. We analyzed population trends of 8 large mammals in Russia from 1981 to 2010 (i.e., before and after the collapse). We [...]

Rising temperatures reduce global wheat production

Crop models are essential tools for assessing the threat of climate change to local and global food production. Present models used to predict wheat grain yield are highly uncertain when simulating how crops respond to temperature. Here we systematically tested 30 different wheat crop models of the Agricultural Model Intercomparison and Improvement Project against field [...]

Influence of climate science on financial decisions- TERA

Investors are increasingly aware of climate risk to their investments, but can science drive a broader shift to green investments? Green bonds are an example of a financial market that could be better informed by climate science. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nclimate2495

Advantages of a polycentric approach to climate change policy- TERA

Lack of progress in global climate negotiations has led scholars to reconsider polycentric approaches to climate policy. Several examples of subglobal mechanisms to reduce greenhouse-gas emissions have been touted, but it remains unclear why they might achieve better climate outcomes than global negotiations alone. Decades of work conducted by researchers associated with the Vincent and [...]

Identifying species at extinction risk using global models of anthropogenic impact- TERA

The International Union for Conservation of Nature Red List of Endangered Species employs a robust, standardized approach to assess extinction threat focussed on taxa approaching an end-point in population decline. Used alone, we argue this enforces a reactive approach to conservation. Species not assessed as threatened but which occur predominantly in areas with high levels [...]